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    Home >> Tutorials >> Basic photoshop Tutorials

    Photoshop - Adding Gradient to a layer

    A gradient is a gradual transition between one or more colors. You can control the type of transition using the gradient tool. Photoshop tool box includes the following gradient tools.

    (1) Linear gradient (photoshop Linear gradient) Shades from the starting point to the ending point in a straight line.
    (2) Radial gradient (photoshop Radial 
  gradient) Shades from the starting point to the ending point in a circular pattern.
    (3) Angular gradient (photoshop Angular 
  gradient) Shades in a counterclockwise sweep around the starting point.
    (4) Reflected gradient (photoshop Reflected 
  gradient) Shades using symmetric linear gradients on either side of the starting point.
    (5) Diamond gradient (photoshop Diamond 
  gradient) Shades from the starting point outward in a diamond pattern. The ending point defines one corner of the diamond.

    To apply a gradient fill

    To fill only part of the image, select the desired area. Otherwise, the gradient fill is applied to the entire active layer.Select the gradient tool and draw a gradient by dragging in the image from a starting point (where the mouse is pressed) to an ending point (where the mouse is released). To constrain the line angle to a multiple of 45°, hold down Shift as you drag.

    Double-click the gradient tool to display its Options palette.

    gradient tool options

    1 Specify the opacity and blending mode. See how the gradient fill changes for different opacity.

    2 Select a gradient fill from the list.You can define a new gradient fill or modify an existing one.

    3 To use a transparency mask for the gradient fill, select Transparency. Each gradient fill contains a transparency mask that controls the opacity of the fill at different locations on the gradient. For example, you can set the starting color to 100% opacity and have the fill gradually blend into an ending color with 50% opacity.Turn off the mask by deselecting Transparency in the Gradient Options palette.

    By default, the transparency mask is set to 100%. To edit the gradient transparency mask do the following.

    4 To create a smoother blend with less banding, select Dither.

    5 To reverse the order of colors in the gradient fill, select Reverse.

    To edit the gradient transparency mask do the following.

    Click Edit button in the gradient tool Options palette. Then in the gradient editor select the gradient whose transparency mask you want to edit(ie in the fig Foreground to Background is selected). For Adjust, select Transparency.

    photoshop 
  gradient transparency

    •To adjust the starting opacity, click the left transparency stop under the transparency gradient bar. For Opacity, enter a value. The bar at the bottom of the Gradient Editor dialog box lets you preview the effects of the mask on the gradient fill.
    •To adjust the opacity of the endpoint, click the right transparency stop under the transparency gradient bar. Then set the opacity as explained in the previous step.
    •To adjust the location of the starting or ending opacity, do one of the following: Drag the corresponding transparency stop to the left or right. OR Select the corresponding transparency stop, and enter a value for Location.
    • To adjust the location of the midpoint opacity (the point midway between the starting and ending opacities), do one of the following: Drag the diamond above the transparency gradient bar to the left or right. OR Select the diamond and enter a value for Location.
    • To add an intermediate opacity to the mask, click under the transparency gradient bar to define a new transparency stop. You can then adjust and move this opacity as you would for a starting or ending opacity. To remove an intermediate opacity, drag its transparency stop down and off the gradient bar.

    Creating and editing gradient fills

    Double-click a gradient tool to display its Options palette . Click Edit button in the gradient tool Options palette. For Adjust, select Color.

    gradient fill options

    To create a new gradient: click New. Enter a name for the gradient, and click OK.

    (1)To define the starting color of the gradient, click the left color stop under the gradient bar. The triangle above the stop turns black, indicating that the starting color is being edited.
    To choose a color, do one of the following:
    (a) Double-click the color stop, or click the color swatch below the gradient bar. Choose a color and click OK.
    (b) Click the foreground selection box to use the current foreground color.
    (c) Click the background selection box to use the current background color.
    (d) Position the pointer over the gradient bar (the pointer turns into the eyedropper), and click to sample a color.

    (2)To define the ending color, click the right color stop under the gradient bar. Then choose a color as described in the previous step.

    (3)To adjust the location of the starting point or ending point, (a)Drag the corresponding color stop left or right to the location you want, OR (b) Click the corresponding color stop, and enter a value for Location. A value of 0% places the point at the far left end of the gradient bar, a value of 100% at the far right end.

    (4)To adjust the location of the midpoint (where the gradient displays an even mix of the starting and ending colors), drag the diamond above the gradient bar to the left or right, or click the diamond and enter a value for Location. Gradients with different midpoint locations

    (5)Click OK to add the new gradient fill to the list.

    To edit an existing gradient, select it in the list and follow the above 1-4 steps and click OK.

    To base your gradient on an existing one, select it in the list, and click Duplicate. To name the copied gradient, hold down Alt as you click Duplicate.

    • To delete a gradient, select the gradient in the Gradient Editor dialog box, and click Remove.
    • To append gradients that have been stored in a file to the current list, click Load in the Gradient Editor dialog box.
    • To save gradients in a separate file for later use, select the desired gradients in the Gradient Editor dialog box (Shift-click to select multiple gradients). Then click Save.
    • To return to the default gradient list, choose Reset Tool from the menu on the Gradient Tool Options palette. You can either replace the current list or append the default gradients to the current list.

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    Page contents: itechies.net - Learn how to use different gradient tools in photoshop.
    adobe photoshop tutorial