Database is a collection

of data and objects related to a particular topic or purpose. Database is an

example for data store.In this session we will see how can we use ASP scripting

to access to databases.A Connection links our ASP code to database(or data store).Once

connected to the database we should identify the type of DB.For example , Access

DB is identified by .mdb file.


Open Database Connectivity

(ODBC) is a widely accepted application programming interface (API) for database

access. This allowed a programmer to connect a dB using ODBC and manipulate

the data without worrying exactly where the data was stored or what particular

dB was storing it.For example , a user can use same routine to connect to Access

dB or ,SQL Server or, Oracle.



But ODBC has it own disadvantages.It does not allow applications to take advantage

of the special features of individual database. Another thing is that it relies

on relational representation of data. So database specific drivers must be written

to handle the conversion from ODBS based interface to the database specific

routine. But it is hard to develop  drivers for nondatabase datasources.

OLEDB is an alternative to ODBC that provides same sort of interface for various

types of  datasource ,including nonrelational datasources .



OLE dB is the fundamental

Component Object Model (COM)-based  building block for storing and retrieving

records and unifies Microsoft’s strategy for database connectivity. It will

be used throughout Microsoft’s line of applications and data stores. In OLEDB

dtasource is called data Provider and the client that access the data is called

Consumer.With OLEDB consumers can access the data from data provider directly

or through ODBC provider.


OLE dB defines interfaces for accessing and manipulating all types of data.

These interfaces will be used not just by data-consuming applications but also

by database providers. By splitting databases apart, the resulting components

can be used in an efficient manner. For example, components called service providers

can be invoked to expose more sophisticated data manipulation and navigation

interfaces on behalf of simple data providers. ASP developers can access the

benefits of OLE dB through ActiveX Data Objects(ADO).


The ActiveX®

Data Objects (ADO) is the object-base interface  for accessing all kinds

of data sources. The ADO model strives to expose everything that the underlying

data provider can do, while still adding value by giving you shortcuts for common

operations.It provides a logical set of objects such as Connection

, Command , Recordset .

The ADO objects provide you with the fastest, easiest and most productive means

for accessing all kinds of data sources. The objects in this object model are

not depend on one another ie, you can create instance of objects independently

of one another. Older objects models such as  Data Access Objects (DAO)

or Remote Data Objects (RDO) are not this flexible. Since there is no hierarchy

and relationship  of the objects ,ADO codes is easier to read write and




ADO is Microsoft’s

strategic, high-level interface to all kinds of data. ADO provides consistent,

high-performance access to data, whether you’re creating a front-end database

client or middle-tier business object using an application, tool, language,

or even an Internet browser. ADO is the single data interface you need to know

for 1- to n-tier client/server and Web-based data-driven solution development.

ADO is designed as an easy-to-use application level interface to Microsoft’s

newest and most powerful data access paradigm, OLE dB OLE dB provides high-performance

access to any data source, including relational and non-relational databases,

email and file systems, text and graphics, custom business objects, and more.

ADO is implemented with a small footprint, minimal network traffic in key Internet

scenarios, and a minimal number of layers between the front-end and data source-all

to provide a lightweight, high-performance interface. ADO is easy to use because

it is called using a familiar metaphor – the OLE Automation interface, available

from just about any tool and language on the market today. And since ADO was

designed to combine the best features of, and eventually replace RDO and DAO,

it uses similar conventions with simplified semantics to make it easy to learn

for today’s developers.

To see more details

about creating connection see Connection Object



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